KCPE 2010 Science Question Paper
KCPE 2010 Science Question Paper
1. Which one of the following pests attack seedlings?
A. Stalk borers
C. Cut worms
D. Weaver birds
2. Which one of the following pairs of vessels is CORRECTLY matched with the type of blood they carry?
Oxygenated blood——————Deoxygenated blood
A.Aorta pulmonary artery
B.Vena cava pulmonary vein
C.Pulmonary artery vena cava
D.Aorta pulmonary vein
3.Which one of the following pairs of parasites attack both poultry and rabbits?
A.Mites and lice
B.Lice and ticks
C.Mites and fleas
D.Ticks and mites
4.Which one of the following statements about a bean seed is NOT CORRECT?
A.The radicle develops into a shoot and plumule into a root
B.The micropyle allows air and water to enter the seed
C.The hilum is a scar where the seed was attached to the fruit wall
D.The radicle emerges from the seed before the plumule during germination
5.The following are some characteristics of flowers:
(i)small in size
(iii)long feathery stigma
(iv)produce fewer and large sticky pollen grains
Which one of the following pairs of characteristics is for a wind pollinated flower?
A.(i) and (iv)
B.(ii) and (iv)
C.(ii) and (iii)
D.(i) and (iii)
6.The diagram below represents a set up that can be used to investigate good and poor conductors of electricity
Which one of the following materials when used to connect wires at position K would make the bulb light?
A.Piece of thread
C.Piece of glass
7. The diagrams below represent a set up by pupils to investigate conditions necessary for seed germination.
Germination occurred in
B.P and Q
C.P,R and T
D.R and S
8.Which one of the following is an adaptation of plants in wet areas?
9. The diagram below represents an arrangement of materials in a compost manure heap.
In the diagram the layer of ash is represented by
10. The diagram below represents a windsock that was constructed by pupils.
Which one of the following is a reason why the instrument could not work?
A.The sock is made up of a strong polythene sheet
B.End Q is larger than end P
C.A long wire was used to make end P
D.A long,strong wooden pole was used to suspend the sock
11.Which one of the following pairs consists only of materials that would not sink in water even when their shape is changed?
A.Wax and wood
B.Wood and aluminium
C.Aluminium and glass
D.Glass and wax
12.Which one of the following components of air is NOT CORRECTLY matched with its use?
Component of air Use
A.Nitrogen Used by plants to make proteins
B.Carbon dioxide Manufacture of soft drinks
C.Oxygen Manufacture of soft drinks
D.Inert gases In electric bulbs
13.Which one of the following pairs of diseases are infants immunized against at the 9th month after birth?
A. Tuberculosis and polio
B. Tetanus and whooping cough
C. Hepatitis B and diphtheria
D. Measles and yellow fever
14. The chart below represents a weather record for five days.
Which one of the following statements is TRUE about the weather chart?
Whenever it was
A.sunny in the morning,it was windy in the afternoon
B.cloudy in the morning,it was sunny in the afternoon
C.calm in the morning,it was sunny in the afternoon
D.windy in the morning,it rained in the afternoon
15.Which one of the following statements is TRUE about some levers when in use?
A.In a crowbar,the load is between the effort and the fulcrum
B.In a crowbar,the effort is between the load and the fulcrum
C.In a wheelbarrow,the fulcrum is between the load and the effort
D.In a spade,the effort is between the load and the fulcrum
16.Which one of the following is NOT TRUE about HIV/AIDS?
HIV/AIDS may be spread by
A.sharing of unsterilized razor blades
B.coming in contact with other people’s body fluids
C.shaking hands and hugging infected persons
D.tranfusing unscreened blood
17.Which of the following planets are in the fifth and seventh positions from the sun respectively?
A.Mars and Saturn
B.Jupiter and Uranus
C.Jupiter and Saturn
D.Mars and Uranus
18.In the human body water is absorbed in the
19.Which one of the following pairs consists only of substances that are in the same state of matter?
A.Oil and water vapor
B.Wax and glue
C.Ice and water
D.Air and water vapor
20. Pupils investigated capillarity in different types of soil. Their results were as shown in the diagram below.
From the results the soil samples X,Y and Z are most likely to be
X ——–Y——- Z
A.Clay Loam Sand
B.Sand Clay Loam
C.Clay Sand Loam
D.Sand Loam Clay
21.In an experiment to investigate a certain component of soil,water was added to garden soil in a glass container.The component of soil investigated was
22.Which of the following organs in the human body both produce sex cells?
A.Ovary and uterus
B.Testis and penis
C.Ovary and testis
D.Penis and Vagina
23.Tapeworms live in livestock are found in the
24.Which one of the following mixtures can be separated by winnowing?
A.Flour and husks
B.Maize and millet
C.Rice and sand
D.Millet and husks
25. Which one of the following groups of sources of energy consists of only sources that have chemical energy?
C.Biogas,hydroelectric power generator,matches
D.Geothermal,generator,cooking gas,car battery
26.Which one of the following groups of machines consists of inclined planes only?
B.Staircase,ladder,a road winding up a hill
D.A road winding up a hill,claw hammer,crowbar
27. The diagram below represents a set up that is used to demonstrate a certain process.
The process investigated is
28. Which one of the following is NOT a method of conserving energy? Using
A.a wind mill to pump water
B.biogas for cooking
C.solar panels to produce electricity
D.a traditional jiko for cooking
29. The diagram below represents a set up that is used to investigate a certain aspect of light.
The aspect investigated is
A.light travels in a straight line
D.passge of light through materials
30. Presence of blood in urine and faeces in human beings may be a sign of
31.Which one of the following pairs of birds have their beaks adapted to the same type of feeding?
A.Chicken and duck
B.Sunbird and chicken
C.Eagle and hawk
D.Hawk and duck
32.Which one of the following methods of preserving food is both modern and traditional?
33.Which one of the following deficiency diseases is caused by lack of calcium in the diet?
34.Which one of the following statements is NOT TRUE about commercial feeds for animals?
A.They are given mainly for protection against diseases
B.Some are given as the only feed
C.They are given mainly to increase production
D.Some are given together with other feeds
35.Which one of the following pairs of components of the environment do all animals depend on directly?
A.Soil and plants
B.Air and water
C.Soil and air
D.Mineral salts and water
36.Which one of the following foods is CORRECTLY matched to its group?
Food Food group
A.Groundnuts Energy giving
C.Carrots Energy giving
D.Bananas Body building
37.Which one of the following animal feeds provide a diet of proteins and carbohydrates?
A.Clover and Lucerne
B.Sunflower seeds and barley grains
C.Sunflower seeds and maize grains
D.Lucerne and maize grain
38.The diagram below represents a person pushing a heavy log of wood along a flat surface.
Which one of the following changes would make the person push the log more easily?
A.Smearing oil on the flat surface
B.Wearing shoes with rough soles
C.Smearing oil on the log of wood
D.Placing rollers on the flat surface
39.The following are some liquids:
Which two liquids will mix when put in a container?
A.(i) and (iv)
B.(ii) and (iii)
C.(iii) and (iv)
D.(ii) and (iv)
40.Which one of the following groups consists of materials that are ALL magnetic?
A.Staple pins,scissors,metallic bottle top
B.Silver coin,knife,marble balls
C.Ball bearing,copper coin,razor blade
D.Hack-saw,steel wool,aluminium plate
41.Which one of the following practices pollutes soil,air and water?
A.Use of all farm chemicals
B.Burning of tyres and plastics
C.Dumping of industrial waste
D.Use of artificial fertilizers
42.If medicine remains after taking the prescribed dose,it is advisable to
A.keep and use it later
B.dispose of the medicine
C.continue taking until it is finished
D.give it to someone with the same sickness
43.Which one of the following is most likely to cause damage to corrugated iron sheets on buildings?
B.burning farm wastes
44.Which one of the following diseases CANNOT be prevented by maintaining proper hygiene?
45.The beginning of energy transformations in a radio that uses dry cells is
46. The diagram below represents a safety sign when dealing with electricity.
The sign means?
A.do not insert objects into electric socket
B.do not use appliances with damaged plugs or wires
C.do not plug in many electrical appliances
D.do not get near
47. The diagram below represents a set up used to investigate a certain aspect of light.
The aspect being investigated is
A.reflection of light
B.making a rainbow
C.refraction of light
D.how light travels
48.Which one of the following is a reason why a glass container is likely to break if hot water is poured into it?
A.Sudden expansion of the inner side of the glass wall
B.Sudden expansion of air in the container
C.Sudden contraction of the outer side of the glass wall
D.The fact that the heated water had expanded
49.On a see-saw a small boy can lift a big boy when
A.the small boy stands on it
B.the big boy moves closer to the fulcrum
C.the two boys interchange positions
D.the two boys move equal distances away from the fulcrum
50. The following are steps followed when investigating the force required to lift a load using a fixed pulley but not in their correct order:
(i)Tie the load with a string
(ii)Pass the string with the load through the pulley on the support
(iii)Pull the spring balance and measure
(iv)Fix the pulley on the support
(v)Tie the spring balance at the end of string
The CORRECT order of steps to be followed is