Agriculture Paper 2 Question Paper and marking scheme Agriculture Paper 2

KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

Agriculture Paper 2

SECTION A (30 Marks)

1.

Name the pig breed which is black with a white belt the enlives the shoulders, including the front legs and has droping ears over the face. ( ½ mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

2.

Define the following terms as used in livestock nutrition.

a) Digestibility. (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

b) Ration (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

3.

Name two animal drawn implements. (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

4.

List four features of a good grain store. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

5.

State the function for each of the following parts in the chicken digestive system. (1 ½ mks)

i. Crop

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

ii. Proventriculus

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

iii. Gizzard

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

6.

State three breeding practices carried out on farm animals to ensure successful breeding. (1 ½ mks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

7.

Outline any four pre-disposing factors of scours. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

8.

Give a reason for clipping needle –teeth in piglets. (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

9.

State four factors to consider when siting farm structures. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

10.

Name the most appropriate tool for each of the following operations.

a) Removing metal chipping in files. ( ½ marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

b) Cutting wood along the grains. ( ½ marks)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

c) Cutting identification mark on ears of an animal. ( ½ mark)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

11.

. Give four advantages of tractor hire services. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

12.

Give four factors influencing milk let down in dairy cattle production. (2marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

13.

List any four materials collected by bees. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

14.

State three reasons for out breeding. (1 ½ marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

15.

Name four viral diseases in livestock. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

16.

State one function of each of the following parts of a male’s reproductive system.

a) Testis ( ½ mark)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

b) Sperm duct ( ½ mark)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

c) Penis ( ½ mark)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

17.

State four advantages of natural feeding in calf rearing.

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

18.

Outline four heat signs in rabbits. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

SECTION B (20 Marks)

19.

. The diagram below shows a livestock parasite.

Agriculture Paper 2 Question Paper - KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

a) Identify the parasite. (1mark)

………………………………………………………………………………………………

b) Name two species of livestock the parasite infests. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

c) Give two forms in which the parasite is found in livestock. (2marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

20.

. Below is a diagram illustrating a bee hive? Study it and answer the questions that follow.

Agriculture Paper 2 Question Paper - KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

a) Identify the type of bee hive illustrated above. (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

b) Name the parts labelled A and B.

A………………………………………… (1mark)

B………………………………………… (1mark)

c) State two advantages of the above hive compared to other hives. (2marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

20 marks

SECTION C (40 Marks)

21.

. Study the diagram below showing digestive system of a non – ruminant (rabbit). Use it to answer the questions that follow.

Agriculture Paper 2 Question Paper - KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

a) Name the part labelled P and Q

. P………………………………………… (½ mk)

Q………………………………………… (1mk)

b) State the function of the part labelled R. (1mark)

……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

c) State three ways in which digestion in rabbits differ from that of cattle. (3marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

40 marks

22.

. The diagrams M, N, P and Q represent some farm tools.

Agriculture Paper 2 Question Paper - KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

i) Identify tools. (2marks)

M…………………………………………………..

N………………………………………………….

. P……………………………………………………

Q……………………………………………………

ii) Give the use of each of the tools named above.

M…………………………………………………………………………… (½ mark)

N………………………………………………………………………… (½ mark)

P…………………………………………………………………………… (½ mark)

Q………………………………………………………………………… (½ mark)

iii) State two maintenance practices that should be carried out on tool M. (1mark) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

40 marks

23.

Describe artificial brooding of layer chicks. (20marks)

40 marks

24.

a) Describe the structural requirement to be considered when constructing a calf pen. (10marks)

b) Describe mastitis disease in dairy cattle under the following sub-headings

i) Two causal organisms. (2marks)

ii) Pre-disposing factors. (8marks)

40 marks

25.

. a) Outline the factors that influence the choice of building materials. (5marks)

b) Compare the use of animal drawn implement to tractor drawn implement in the farm. (10marks)

c) State five practices that would ensure clean milk production. (5marks)

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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40 marks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 2

Agriculture Paper 2

SECTION A (30 Marks)

1.

Name the pig breed which is black with a white belt that enlives the shoulder, including the front legs and has droping ears over the face. (½mks) – Hampshire/wessex saddleback. 2. Define the following terms as used in livestock nutrition

20 marks

2.

Define the following terms as used in livestock nutrition.

(a) Digestibility. (1mk)

– Digestibility is the portion of food retained in an animal’s body after taking care of losses through urine, faces and gases (1×1=1mk)

(b) Ration. (1mk)

– Is a combination of mixture of feed fed to livestock to meet their nutrient requirement per day.

20 marks

3.

TWO animal drawn implements. (1mk)

– Ox-plough.

– Ox-cart.

– Ox-tine harrow. (2x½=1mk)

20 marks

4.

FOUR features of a good grain store. (2mks)

– Leak-proof roof.

– Easy to clean.

– Well-ventilated.

– Vermin-proof/have rat of wards of buffers.

– Well build for easy loading and off-loading. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

5.

State the function for each of the following/parts in the chicken digestive system. (1½mks)

(i) Crop –

Temporary storage of food

. – Mixing of food with water. (1x½=1½mk)

(ii) Proventriculus

– Digestion of food by pepsin. (1x½=½mk)

(iii)Gizzard.

– Grinding food with the help of grit and muscular wall. (1x½=½mks)

20 marks

6.

State FOUR factors to consider when siting farm structures. (2mks)

– Crutching.

– Tapping

. – Raddling.

– Ringing

. – Serving. (3x½=1½mks)

20 marks

7.

FOUR pre-disposing factors of scours. (2mks)

– Unhygienic conditions in the houses of the young ones.

– Poor feeding/over feeding the calf the calf on milk

. – Feeding calves on cold milk

. – Lack of colostrum.

– Feeding at irregular intervals. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

8.

A reason for clipping needle teeth in piglets. (1mk)

– Minimizes pain/injury during suckling. (1×1=1mk)

20 marks

9.

FOUR factors to consider when siting farm structures. (2mks)

– Location of the homestead.

– Accessibility.

– Farmer’s taste and preferences

. – Wind direction.

– Relationship between the structures

– Security.

– Topography of the area.

– Drainage. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

10.

. Name the most appropriate tool for each of the following operations:

(a) Removing metal chipping in files. (½mks)

– Wire brush.

(b) Cutting wood along the grain. (½mks)

– Ripsaw/back saw

(c) Cutting identification mark on ears of an animal. (½mk)

– Ear notcher. (3x½=1½ mks)

20 marks

11.

1. FOUR advantages of tractor hire services. (2mks)

– Cheaper than buying one.

– Farmer does not in cur maintenance and operations cost

. – Farmer does not incur risks of owning a tractor.

– Farmer operations are carried out faster. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

12.

. FOUR factors influencing milk let down in dairy cattle production (2mks)

– Taking the cow to the milking shed.

– Rattling sound of buckets

. – Sight of a milkman/milk woman.

– Sight or smell of food in the trough

– Massaging/washing the udder with warm water.

– Sight of the calf for cows inclined to

– Suckling calves

. – Suckling by the calf. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

13.

. FOUR materials collected by bees. (2mks)

– Nectar

. – Pollen

. – Propolis.

– Water. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

14.

THREE reasons for out breeding. (1½mks)

– To introduce new genes in an existing breed herd.

– To exploits heterosis/hybrid vigour.

– To establish a new breed or a grade animals. (3x½=1½mks)

20 marks

15.

5. FOUR viral diseases in livestock. (2mks)

– Rinderpest.

– Foot and mouth.

– New castle.

– Fowl pox

. – Gumbero.

– African swine fever. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

16.

. State ONE function of each of the following parts of a male’s reproduction system.

(a) Testis. (½mks)

– Produce sperms/male gametes

– Secret male reproductive hormones.

(b) Sperm duct. (½mks)

– Conducts mature sperms from the epididymis to the urethra.

(c) Penis. (½mks)

– Introduce semen into the vagina of the female animal during mating. (3x½=1½mks)

20 marks

17.

. FOUR advantages of natural feeding in calf rearing.

– Calf takes milk at body temperature.

– Milk is free from contamination.

– Prevents scouring in calves.

– Milk is provided adibitum.

– Low labour requirements. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

18.

FOUR heat signs in rabbits. (2mks)

– Restlessness.

– Frequent urination.

– Swollen vulva

. – Doe throws herself on its side

. – Ribs herself against the wall/objects hutch by peeping through cage walls. (4x½=2mks)

20 marks

SECTION B (20 Marks)

19.

. (a) Identify the parasite. (1mk)

– Tapeworm

. (b) TWO species of livestock the parasite infests. (2mks)

– Cattle

. – Pig. (1×2=2mks)

(c) TWO forms in which the parasite is found in livestock. (2mks)

– Cyst/bladder worm.

– Embryo. (2×1=2mks)

20 marks

20.

(a) Identify the type of bee hive illustrated above. (1mk)

– The Kenya top bar hive. (1×1=1mk)

(b) Name the parts labelled A and B.

A. Top bars. (1mk)

B. Entrance hole. (1mk)

(c) TWO advantages of the above hive compared to other hives. (2mks)

– Easy to inspect.

– Easy to harvest honey

. – No destruction of the broad during harvesting

. – Easy to construct and repair. (2×1=2mks)

20 marks

SECTION C (40 Marks)

21.

(a) Name the part labelled P and Q.

P –Pancreases. (½mks)

Q-Small intestines/ileum. (½mks)

(b) State the function of the part labelled R. (1mk)

– R contains micro- organisms that break down cellulose in the roughage. (1×1=1mk)

(c) THREE ways in which digestion in rabbits differ from that of cattle. (3mks)

– Rabbits do not chew the cud while cattle chew the cud.

– Rabbits have one stomach chamber while cattle have four chambers

. – Rabbits do not regurgitate food while cattle regurgitate food.

40 marks

22.

. (a) The diagrams M, N P and Q represent some farm tools.

(i) Identify tools: –

M…Sickle.

_N….Pruning

– P….wood float.

– Q…Mason’s trowel. (4x½=2mks)

(ii) Give the use of each of the tools named above

. M -Harvesting crops i.e. rice, wheat

-Cutting grass; cutting back pyrethrum.

N -Pruning perennial crops e.g. coffee, fruit trees.

P -Level or smoothen concrete and mortar.

-Hold mortar before it is placed in position.

Q -Laying and firming mortar joints of bricks or building stones.

-Applying mortar when plastering. (4x½=2mks)

(iii) TWO maintenance practices that should be carried out on tool M. (1mk)

– Sharpen cutting edge.

– Replace broken handle.

40 marks

23.

. Describe artificial brooding of layer chicks. (20mks)

– Prepare broader 2-3 days before arrival of chicks.

– Ensure the brooder has no corners to prevent overcrowding of chicks.

– Disinfect the brooder, litter and feeders.

– Spread appropriate litter on the broader floor.

– Cover the litter with newspaper.

– Sprinkle some food on the papers when the chicks arrive.

– Put clean water in drinkers and put more food in feeders.

– Feed chicks on chick marsh.

– Provide the right temps in the brooder.

– If charcoal burner is used as a source of heat use a wire guard to prevent chicks from burning.

– Heat the brooder some 12 hrs before arrival of chicks.

– Ensure adequate brooding space throughout the brooding period.

– Ensure the brooder is dimly lit to prevent toe-pecking.

– Provide lukewarm water with glucose on the day chicks arrive.

– Ensure the brooder house is well aerated.

– Keep the litter dry/avoid wetting litter/wet litter should be removed.

– Ensure waterers and feeders are always clean.

– Debeak the chicks to control toe –peaking.

– Carry out relevant vaccinations.

– Provide coccidiostats in drinking water to control coccidiosis.

– Remove and dispose off dead chicks.

– Sick chicks should be isolated and treated appropriately.

– Control external parasites appropriately.

– Deworm the chick’s to control internal parasites.

– Introduce grower’s marsh gradually from the 7th week

. – Keep proper records on the chicks.

– Chicks should stay in the brooder for 8 wks.

– Ensure the feeders and drinkers are adequate. (20×1=20mks)

40 marks

24.

. (a) Structural requirement of a calf-pen.

(i) Spacious –to allow exercise and placement of equipment

(ii) Singly –to avoid spread of parasites.

(iii)Proper drainage –to prevent dampness which predispose to pneumonia.

(iv) Drought free-to prevent cold winds which predispose to pneumonia.

(v) Leak-proof-to avoid damp conditions/wetness which to predispose to navel, ill, pneumonia.

(vi) Warm and dry to avoid infections.

(vii) Well-ventilated to allow proper circulation in the structure.

(viii) Locable /secure to provide security against predators/thieves. (any 5×2=10mks)

(b) Describe mastitis diseases in dairy cattle under the following sub-headings.

(i) Two causal organisms (2mks)

– Streptococcus.

– Staphylococcus

(ii) Pre-disposing factors.

– Sex-female lacting dairy prone to mastitis.

– Age-older lactating animals more prone.

– Stage of lactation period-majority during early lactation period.

– Mechanical injury –leads to infection.

– Poor milking techniques –destroy sphincter muscles of teats.

– Poor sanitation/hygiene leads to infection.

40 marks

25.

. (a) Factors influencing choice of building materials. (5mks)

– Availability of building materials

– select materials that are locally available to reduce cost of transport

. – Cost of material-use materials that are not very expensive/cheap

. – Durability of materials

-select materials that are long lasting.

– Workability –select materials that are easy to work with/that do not require a lot of labour and a lot of skill.

– Climate/prevailing weather-select materials that are suitable for the climate of the area. – Strength of the material-consider the strength of the material in respect to the use.(5×1=5mks)

(b) Compare the use of animal drawn implement to tractor drawn implement in the farm. (10mks)

Animal drawn implements Tractor drawn implements

-Do not require a lot of skill to operate

-Require considerable level of skill to operate.

-Can be used on steep slopes

-Can only work on fairly level ground

. -Cheaper to purchase and maintain.

-More expensive to purchase and maintain.

-Low work out-put as the animals tire quickly.

-High work output.

-Require a portion of land set side for forage.

-Do not require much space except for storage

. -Animals fall sick and may take long to recover.

-Tractors can be easily fixed in case of mechanical breakdown.

-Animals can cause damage to crops during weeding

. -No damage if operated well.

-Require more labour

. -Require less labour.

-Performance of the animal dependent on weather

-Performance of tractor is independent on weather.

-Suitable for small holdings

. -Suitable for large holdings (10×1=10mks)

(c) Factors ensuring clean milk production.

– Milking equipment should be thoroughly cleaned with disinfected water.

– After milking store the milk properly before taking to the collection centre.

– Ensure the cows are free are free from disease like mastitis.

– Observe high degree of hygiene around the milking shed.

– The milk man should be clean and healthy

– Test the cows for mastitis and ensure infected cows are milked last

. – Filter the milk to keep away impurities.

– Wash the with warm disinfected water. (5×1=5mks)

40 marks

 

 

 

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